Explaining Rwanda’s prioritisation of rural electrification over rural clean drinking water through institutional path dependency

Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier Volume 54, September 2020, Pages 186-201https://doi.org/10.1016/j.strueco.2020.05.001 Highlights • Rural electrification as an economic asset had not been questioned until 2017; • Categorisation of potable water as an amenity persists; • The World Bank pursues … Continue reading Explaining Rwanda’s prioritisation of rural electrification over rural clean drinking water through institutional path dependency

Increasing tariffs to prevent another electricity crisis in Zambia

International Growth Centre blogs Shivani Haria and Imaduddin Ahmed | 1 April, 2020 Zambia’s state-owned power utility company, ZESCO, is consistently struggling to meet demand, plunging Zambia into one electricity crisis after another. The Government of Zambia’s acceptance of ZESCO’s application to increase tariffs is a step in the right direction. Access to reliable power remains a problem across sub-Saharan Africa. The latest data from the World Bank’s Enterprise Surveys, show that 76.2% of firms in the region still experience electrical outages, on average 8.3 times a month. This has forced over half the firms in sub-Saharan Africa into owning … Continue reading Increasing tariffs to prevent another electricity crisis in Zambia

What have the Lib Dems ever done for Britain?

By Imaduddin Ahmed | Tue 26th November 2019 – 8:35 am What besides leading the campaign against Brexit have the Lib Dems ever done for Britain? John Stuart Mill, a Liberal MP, was the second of his House to call for women’s … Continue reading What have the Lib Dems ever done for Britain?

The Continuing Story of Brexit

Interviews with Trialeti TV & Through the News Oct 22, 2019 | Irina | Through the News “Trick or treat?” might be the classic Halloween question but on October 31, 2019 the festivities are expected to take a different turn at least in one place in the world – in the United Kingdom the big question this Halloween is “Deal or no deal?” as Brexit, the 3-year-long process of leaving the EU is officially set to happen on that day. Or so it is said in the papers. In reality, Brexit of today is a political mess which too many … Continue reading The Continuing Story of Brexit

How British liberals should advocate for the human rights of the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir (800 words)

InterLib | September 2019 Imaduddin Ahmed (800 word piece in the 2019 InterLib Kashmir pages, following the articles on Kashmir by Liberal Democrat MEPs Phil Bennion and Dinesh Dhamija) The 72 year history of Kashmir since the British Raj dissolved is fraught with unconfirmable contentions and theories and riddled by complex problems. For a start, the issue of self-determination of the people of the various parts of Kashmir under Pakistani, Indian and even Chinese administration is not straight-forward: self-determination by whom, given migrations since 1947? The wider stakes at play for the two nuclear powers in dispute over the region … Continue reading How British liberals should advocate for the human rights of the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir (800 words)

How British liberals should advocate for the human rights of the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir (500 words)

By Imaduddin Ahmed | Fri 30th August 2019 | Lib Dem Voice This past month, the Government of India has escalated military presence in Jammu and Kashmir, already perhaps the densest in the world, enforced curfews, a media blackout, blocked all communications and arrested Kashmiri politicians without issuing warrants under a draconian law. Reports of torture of civilians are now coming through the BBC. This comes accompanying the Government of India’s attempt to revoke Jammu and Kashmir’s special status in violation of the conditions of it joining India after India became independent. Civilian casualties over the past 12 months were already at a decade … Continue reading How British liberals should advocate for the human rights of the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir (500 words)

The cost of power outages to Zambia’s manufacturing sector

Policy Brief 41408 International Growth Centre | June 2019 Imaduddin Ahmed, Michelle Baddeley, D’Maris Coffman, Jim Meikle and Graham Sianjase In Brief: The researchers surveyed 146 large manufacturing firms in Zambia’s industrial hubs in 2018 to assess the impacts of power outages on Zambia’s manufacturing sector, and firms’ coping mechanisms. Following the outages of 2015 and 2016, manufacturing’s share of energy delivered by Zambian energy utility ZESCO dropped and had not recovered by 2017. The researchers find that: o Backup generation was associated with a reduction in production delays which was associated with reduced loss in clients; o Export-oriented firms … Continue reading The cost of power outages to Zambia’s manufacturing sector