The cost of power outages to Zambia’s manufacturing sector

Policy Brief 41408 International Growth Centre | June 2019 Imaduddin Ahmed, Michelle Baddeley, D’Maris Coffman, Jim Meikle and Graham Sianjase In Brief: The researchers surveyed 146 large manufacturing firms in Zambia’s industrial hubs in 2018 to assess the impacts of power outages on Zambia’s manufacturing sector, and firms’ coping mechanisms. Following the outages of 2015 and 2016, manufacturing’s share of energy delivered by Zambian energy utility ZESCO dropped and had not recovered by 2017. The researchers find that: o Backup generation was associated with a reduction in production delays which was associated with reduced loss in clients; o Export-oriented firms … Continue reading The cost of power outages to Zambia’s manufacturing sector

The case for changing our laws on revoking citizenship

By Imaduddin Ahmed | Mon 19th August 2019 | Lib Dem Voice When as Home Secretary Sajid Javid attempted to strip British-born Shamima Begum of her citizenship, he highlighted how the Home Office has come to possess powers to revoke citizenship that … Continue reading The case for changing our laws on revoking citizenship

Agricultural Reform in Rwanda: authoritarianism, markets and zones of governance

Africa, Volume 88, Issue 4 November 2018 , pp. 896-897 Imaduddin Ahmed Just as Philip Verwimp did in his 2013 book Peasants in Power in relation to the previous Juvénal Habyarimana administration, Chris Huggins applies James Scott’s 1998 authoritarian high modernist state framework to model post-genocide Rwanda. Both authors see authoritarian high modernist states that have achieved a high degree of administrative ordering at the rural level. Both see a prostrate civil society. But where Verwimp additionally applied Wintrobe’s dictatorship models to Habyarimana’s state, Huggins applies Foucauldian governmentality to the new Rwandan state – power is exercised not only through ‘actions’ but … Continue reading Agricultural Reform in Rwanda: authoritarianism, markets and zones of governance

Seismic costs

Dawn | October 7, 2018 Imaduddin Ahmed WHEN considering investment in an infrastructure project, responsible investors or donors would ask: what is the need? What are the financial, social and environmental costs? What are the risks and the unknowns? Is the project likely to yield higher costs than benefits? Is the project the best option to address the need? Pakistan’s judiciary and government have called upon Pakistanis to invest in the Diamer-Basha and Mohmand Dam Fund, and yet they have insufficiently addressed these questions. The Supreme Court’s online app­eal is not accompanied by a feasibility study. From the outside looking … Continue reading Seismic costs

Courting disaster

Dawn | August 18, 2017 Imaduddin Ahmed SIXTEEN million people in Pakistan lack access to safe water. Scarcity of clean water and poor sanitation claim 19,000 children under five years of age in Pakistan annually, according to WaterAid. Per FAO/World Bank data, Pakistan’s internal renewable freshwater per capita is less than that in Syria, whose civil war has in part been attributed to water scarcity. The Pakistan Council for Research in Water Resources forecasts worsening scarcity. The way in which new hydroelectric plants on the Chenab and upstream Jhelum are operated by India could further exacerbate shortages. Besides taking the … Continue reading Courting disaster

After off-grid electricity, what chance off-grid water?

Financial Times | 31 July, 2017 Innovative solutions bring the prospect of accessible water to the isolated poor By Imaduddin Ahmed   Fifty-one million people lack access to safe water in the core East African Community member states of Tanzania, … Continue reading After off-grid electricity, what chance off-grid water?

Leapfrogging into the light

Financial Times | 27 March, 2017 Solar systems help Rwanda government switch from provider to regulator of electricity by Imaduddin Ahmed Mobile phones were the “leapfrog” … Continue reading Leapfrogging into the light